Ratio analysis ACCA Qualification Students

Liquidity measures the ability of the organisation to meet its short-term financial obligations. On the other hand, a value of less than 1 indicates that the assets are being used inefficiently, as in this case A CPAs Perspective: Why You Should or Shouldnt Work with a Startup the asset value is higher than the income generated. The return on assets indicates how high the profit is that is achieved from the invested assets, i.e. what remains after deducting the costs from the income.

DuPont analysis breaks down the return on equity (ROE) into components to help analyze a company’s financial performance. The asset turnover ratio is most helpful when compared to that of industry peers and tracking how the ratio has trended over time. Irrespective of whether the total or fixed variation is used, the asset turnover ratio is not practical as a standalone metric without a point of reference.


The asset turnover ratio is calculated by dividing net sales by average total assets. In that case, it may suggest that the company is becoming less efficient in using its assets to generate revenue, which can Webinar: Nonprofit Month-End Closing Accounting Procedures affect the overall return on equity. Using the asset turnover ratio in DuPont analysis, investors and analysts can gain insight into the company’s efficiency in utilizing its assets to generate sales revenue.

To get a true sense of how well a company’s assets are being used, it must be compared to other companies in its industry. The asset turnover ratio measures the value of a company’s sales or revenues relative to the value of its assets. The asset turnover ratio can be used as an indicator of the efficiency with which a company is using its assets to generate revenue. The asset turnover ratio for each company is calculated as net sales divided by average total assets.

What Does Asset Turnover Ratio Measure?

One critical consideration when evaluating the ratio is how capital-intensive the industry that the company operates in is (i.e., asset-heavy or asset-lite). On the flip side, a turnover ratio far exceeding the industry norm could be an indication that the company should be spending more and might be falling behind in terms of development. The turnover metric falls short, however, in being distorted by significant one-time capital expenditures (Capex) and asset sales. Yarilet Perez is an experienced multimedia journalist and fact-checker with a Master of Science in Journalism. She has worked in multiple cities covering breaking news, politics, education, and more. Ratio comparisons across markedly different industries do not provide a good insight into how well a company is doing.

  • Though real estate transactions may result in high-profit margins, the industry-wide asset turnover ratio is low.
  • It’s a simple ratio of net revenue to average total assets, and it’s usually calculated on an annual basis.
  • For example, manufacturing companies tend to have a much higher asset turnover ratio.
  • The asset turnover ratio calculation can be modified to omit these uncommon revenue occurrences.
  • Your business’s asset turnover ratio indicates whether or not you’re efficiently managing—and optimizing—your assets to produce the highest volume of sales possible.
  • Thus the company’s asset ratio turnover is higher than the industry average.

Operating profit margin

Operating profit margin (sometimes known as net profit margin) looks at operating profit earned as a percentage of revenue. Poor performance is often explained by prices being too low or costs (cost of sales or overheads) being too high. If your ratio is above the industry average, it doesn’t necessarily mean that your productivity is higher; it could also be because of the depreciation of old assets. Likewise, suppose your asset turnover ratio is below the industry standards. In that case, it could mean that a new machine that you bought is giving you rich returns. Calculating return on assets, for example, may help an investor better understand the value asset turnover from a profitability perspective.

Quick Guide: The Asset Turnover Ratio

Fixed assets such as property, plant, and equipment (PP&E) could be unproductive instead of being used to their full capacity. The asset turnover ratio is used to evaluate how efficiently a company is using its assets to drive sales. It https://business-accounting.net/law-firm-bookkeeping-101/ can be used to compare how a company is performing compared to its competitors, the rest of the industry, or its past performance. It is the gross sales from a specific period less returns, allowances, or discounts taken by customers.